fall

fall fall verb (fell fall∙en ) ›› DROP DOWN 落下 1. [V , usually +adv. / prep.] to drop down from a higher level to a lower level • 落下;下落;掉落;跌落:
»Several of the books had fallen onto the floor.
这些书有几本掉到了地上。
»One of the kids fell into the river.
小孩中有一个掉进了河里。
»The handle had fallen off the drawer.
抽屉的拉手掉了。
»September had come and the leaves were starting to fall.
已到九月了,树叶开始凋落。
»He fell 20 metres onto the rocks below.
他掉到下面 20 米处的岩石上。
»The rain was falling steadily.
雨不停地下着。
»They were injured by falling rocks.
他们被落石砸伤了。
›› STOP STANDING 倒下 2. [V , usually +adv. / prep.] to suddenly stop standing • 突然倒下;跌倒;倒塌:
»She slipped on the ice and fell.
她在冰上滑了一跤。
»I fell over and cut my knee.
我摔倒了,划破了膝盖。
»The house looked as if it was about to fall down.
房子看起来好像就要倒塌似的。
--› see also fallen ›› OF HAIR / MATERIAL 毛发;材料 3. [V +adv. / prep.] to hang down • 下垂;低垂:
»Her hair fell over her shoulders in a mass of curls.
她的鬈发披肩。
›› SLOPE DOWNWARDS 向下倾斜 4. [V] fall (away / off) to slope downwards • 向下倾斜:
»The land falls away sharply towards the river.
地势向河边陡然倾斜。
›› DECREASE 减少 5. to decrease in amount, number or strength • (数量)减少,下降;(强度)减小: ▪ [V]
»Their profits have fallen by 30 per cent.
他们的利润减少了 30%。
»Prices continued to fall on the stock market today.
今天股票市场价格继续下跌。
»The temperature fell sharply in the night.
夜间温度陡降。
»falling birth rates
下降的出生率
»Her voice fell to a whisper.
她的声音变小,成了耳语。
▪ [VN]
»Share prices fell 30p.
股价降低了 30 便士。
【OPP】 rise ›› BE DEFEATED 被打败 6. [V] to be defeated or captured • 被打败;沦陷;失守:
»The coup failed but the government fell shortly afterwards.
政变虽然流产,但是不久以后政府便垮台了。
»Troy finally fell to the Greeks.
特洛伊城最终被希腊人攻陷。
›› DIE IN BATTLE 阵亡 7. [V] (literary) to die in battle; to be shot • 阵亡;被击毙:
»a memorial to those who fell in the two world wars
两次世界大战阵亡将士纪念碑
›› BECOME 变成 8. to pass into a particular state; to begin to be sth • 进入(某状态);开始变成(某事物): ▪ [V-ADJ]
»He had fallen asleep on the sofa.
他在沙发上睡着了。
»The book fell open at a page of illustrations.
书翻开在有插图的那一页。
»The room had fallen silent.
整个房间都变得静悄悄的。
»She fell ill soon after and did not recover.
不久后她就病倒了,而且未能痊瘉。
▪ [V +adv. / prep.]
»I had fallen into conversation with a man on the train.
在火车上我和一个男人攀谈起来。
»The house had fallen into disrepair.
这栋房子已年久失修。
▪ [V-N]
»She knew she must not fall prey to his charm.
她清楚她绝不可以被他迷住。
›› HAPPEN / OCCUR 发生 9. [V] fall (on sb / sth) (literary) to come quickly and suddenly • 突然来到;突然出现 【SYN】 descend :
»A sudden silence fell.
突然一片鸦雀无声。
»Darkness falls quickly in the tropics.
在热带地区夜幕降临迅速。
»An expectant hush fell on the guests.
客人们即时安静了下来,期待着将要发生的事。
10. [V +adv. / prep.] to happen or take place • 发生:
»My birthday falls on a Monday this year.
今年我的生日适逢星期一。
11. [V +adv. / prep.] to move in a particular direction or come in a particular position • (向某方向)移动;落(在某位置上):
»My eye fell on (= I suddenly saw) a curious object.
我突然见到了一样奇怪的东西。
»Which syllable does the stress fall on?
重音在哪个音节?
»A shadow fell across her face.
一片阴影掠过她的脸庞。
›› BELONG TO GROUP 属于群体 12. [V +adv. / prep.] to belong to a particular class, group or area of responsibility • 属于(某类、群体、责任范围):
»Out of over 400 staff there are just 7 that fall into this category.
* 400 多个职员中只有 7 人属于这一类。
»This case falls outside my jurisdiction.
这个案件不属于我的管辖范围。
»This falls under the heading of scientific research.
这一项属于科研类目。
【IDIOMS】Idioms containing fall are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example fall by the wayside is at wayside. • 含 fall 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 fall by the wayside 在词条 wayside 下。 【PHR V】 ˌfall aˈbout (BrE, informal) • to laugh a lot • 捧腹大笑;笑得前仰后合 ▪ [+ -ing ]
»We all fell about laughing.
我们都笑得前仰后合。
ˌfall aˈpart 1. to be in very bad condition so that parts are breaking off • 破碎;破裂:
»My car is falling apart.
我的汽车要散架了。
2. to have so many problems that it is no longer possible to exist or function • 破裂;崩溃:
»Their marriage finally fell apart.
他们的婚姻终于破裂了。
»The deal fell apart when we failed to agree on a price.
我们在价格上未能达成一致意见,生意吹了。
ˌfall aˈway • to become gradually fewer or smaller; to disappear • 减少;减小;消失;消散:
»His supporters fell away as his popularity declined.
随着他的名望下降,他的支持者渐渐离他而去。
»The market for their products fell away to almost nothing.
他们产品的市场几乎萎缩到零。
»All our doubts fell away.
我们的一切疑虑都烟消云散。
»The houses fell away as we left the city.
随着我们离城市越来越远,房屋也逐渐在视线中消失了。
ˌfall ˈback 1. to move or turn back • 后退;撤退;退却 【SYN】 retreat :
»The enemy fell back as our troops advanced.
我军部队挺进,敌军向后撤退。
2. to decrease in value or amount • (价值)降低;(数量)减少 ˌfall ˈback on sb / sth [no passive] • to go to sb for support; to have sth to use when you are in difficulty • 求助于;借助于;转而依靠:
»I have a little money in the bank to fall back on.
我在银行还有一点钱,需要时可以动用。
»She fell back on her usual excuse of having no time.
她以她惯用的办法推说没有时间。
--› related noun ˌfall beˈhind (sb / sth) • to fail to keep level with sb / sth • 落后;落在…后面:
»She soon fell behind the leaders.
她很快就落在领头者的后面。
ˌfall beˈhind with sth • to not pay or do sth at the right time • 拖欠(付款);没有及时做:
»They had fallen behind with their mortgage repayments.
他们拖欠了按揭还款。
»Heˈs fallen behind with his school work again.
他又没有按时做学校作业。
ˌfall ˈdown • to be shown to be not true or not good enough • 不实;不能令人满意;不够好:
»And thatˈs where the theory falls down.
这就是该理论的不足之处。
--› see also fall v. (2) ˈfall for sb [no passive] (informal) • to be strongly attracted to sb; to fall in love with sb • 爱上;倾心于:
»They fell for each other instantly.
他俩一见钟情。
ˈfall for sth [no passive] (informal) • to be tricked into believing sth that is not true • 信以为真:
»Iˈm surprised you fell for that trick.
我感到惊奇,你竟中了那个诡计。
ˌfall ˈin • if soldiers fall in, they form lines • 集合;列队:
»The sergeant ordered his men to fall in.
中士命令士兵集合。
ˌfall ˈin with sb / sth [no passive] (BrE) • to agree to sth • 同意;赞成:
»She fell in with my idea at once.
她立刻同意了我的主意。
ˈfall into sth • to be able to be divided into sth • 可以分为;能够分成:
»My talk falls naturally into three parts.
我的谈话可以自然分成三个部份。
ˌfall ˈoff • to decrease in quantity or quality • 数量减少;质量下降:
»Attendance at my lectures has fallen off considerably.
听我讲课的学生大大减少了。
【OPP】 rise ˈfall on / upon sb / sth [no passive] (especially BrE) 1. to attack or take hold of sb / sth with a lot of energy and enthusiasm • 袭击;向…进攻;扑向;抓住:
»They fell on him with sticks.
他们用棍棒袭击他。
»The children fell on the food and ate it greedily.
孩子们扑向食物,狼吞虎咽地吃起来。
2. to be the responsibility of sb • (责任)落在…身上;由…负担:
»The full cost of the wedding fell on us.
整个婚礼费用由我们负担了。
ˌfall ˈout 1. to become loose and drop • 掉落;脱落:
»His hair is falling out.
他的头发在脱落。
2. if soldiers fall out, they leave their lines and move away • 原地解散;离开队列 ˌfall ˈout (with sb) (BrE) • to have an argument with sb so that you are no longer friendly with them • (与某人)吵翻,闹翻 ˌfall ˈover (informal) (of a computer or program 计算机或程序) • to stop working suddenly • (突然)发生故障,不运转,死机:
»My spreadsheet keeps falling over.
我的电子制表软件不断出故障。
ˌfall ˈover sb / sth [no passive] • to hit your foot against sth when you are walking and fall, or almost fall • 被…绊倒;几乎被…绊倒 【SYN】 trip over :
»I rushed for the door and fell over the cat in the hallway.
我冲向门口,在过道被猫绊了一跤。
--› see also fall v. (2) ˌfall ˈover yourself to do sth (informal) • to try very hard or want very much to do sth • 特别卖力;迫不及待;煞费苦心;不遗余力:
»He was falling over himself to be nice to me.
他尽力对我友好。
ˌfall ˈthrough • to not be completed, or not happen • 落空;失败;成为泡影:
»Our plans fell through because of lack of money.
我们的计划由于缺钱而落空了。
ˈfall to sb • to become the duty or responsibility of sb • (职责、责任)落在…身上;应由…做:
»With his partner away, all the work now fell to him.
他的搭档走了以后,工作现在全落在他的身上。
▪ [+ to inf ]
»It fell to me to inform her of her sonˈs death.
把她儿子死讯通知她的差事落在了我的头上。
ˈfall to sth (literary) • to begin to do sth • 开始做;干起来 ▪ [+ -ing ]
»She fell to brooding about what had happened to her.
她开始愤愤地思忖着自己的遭遇。
noun ›› ACT OF FALLING 落下 1. an act of falling • 落下;下落;跌落;掉落:
»I had a bad fall and broke my arm.
我重重地跌了一跤,摔断了手臂。
»She was killed in a fall from a horse.
她从马背上掉下来摔死了。
›› OF SNOW / ROCKS 雪;岩石 2. fall (of sth) an amount of snow, rocks, etc. that falls or has fallen • (雪、岩石等的)降落:
»a heavy fall of snow
一场大雪
»a rock fall
岩崩
›› WAY STH FALLS / HAPPENS 下落;发生 3. [sing.] fall of sth the way in which sth falls or happens • 下落;发生:
»the fall of the dice
骰子的掷出
»the dark fall of her hair (= the way her hair hangs down)
她那垂泻的黑发
›› OF WATER 水 4. falls [pl.] (especially in names 尤用于名称) a large amount of water falling down from a height • 瀑布 【SYN】 waterfall :
»The falls upstream are full of salmon.
瀑布的上游一带盛产鲑鱼。
»Niagara Falls
尼亚加拉瀑布
›› AUTUMN 秋 5. (NAmE) = autumn :
»in the fall of 2005
在 2005 年的秋天
»last fall
去年秋天
»fall weather
秋季天气
›› DECREASE 减少 6. fall (in sth) a decrease in size, number, rate or level • (大小)减小;(数量)减少;(比率、水平)降低:
»a steep fall in profits
利润的骤降
»a big fall in unemployment
失业人数的大大减少
【OPP】 rise ›› DEFEAT 失败 7. [sing.] fall (of sth) a loss of political, economic, etc. power or success; the loss or defeat of a city, country, etc. in war • (政权的)垮台;(经济的)崩溃;(城市、国家的)沦陷,灭亡:
»the fall of the Roman Empire
罗马帝国的灭亡
»the rise and fall of British industry
英国工业的兴衰
»the fall of Berlin
柏林的沦陷
›› LOSS OF RESPECT 丧失尊敬 8. [sing.] a situation in which a person, an organization, etc. loses the respect of other people because they have done sth wrong • (威信的)骤降:
»the TV preacherˈs spectacular fall from grace
电视布道者威信的遽降
›› IN BIBLE 《圣经》 9. the Fall [sing.] the occasion when Adam and Eve did not obey God and had to leave the Garden of Eden • 人类堕落(指亚当和夏娃违背上帝意旨而被迫离开伊甸园) break sbˈs ˈfall • to stop sb from falling onto sth hard • 缓和某人的跌势;防止某人跌得很重:
»Luckily, a bush broke his fall.
幸亏有灌木接着,他摔得不重。
--› more at pride n., ride v.
* * *
[fɔ:l]
n. 秋天, 落下, 瀑布, 降低, 落差, 採伐量, 墮落, 下降
vi. 倒下, 落下, 來臨, 失守, 變成, 垮臺, 下跌, 陣亡
vt. <美><英方>擊倒, 砍倒(樹木)
adj. 秋天的

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.

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